The following sketch of the history and a description of the country of Texas, is copied from an appeal to the people of the United States, by D. H. CAMPBELL, published in the Louisville Journal. It will, no doubt, be read with interest.
Texas formerly constituted a part of the province of Louisiana, and belonged to the crown of Spain. The king of S. about the year 1802, ceded it to Napoleon Bonaparte, then emperor of the French, upon which our immortal Jefferson, then President of the United States, protested to the French Government against the acquisition, and opened a negotiation at Paris, by which the United States became the owners of the whole country of Louisiana by purchase, in the same state and to the same extent that it had been held by the Spanish Government. About the year 1810 a revolution broke out in the then Spanish Mexican and South American colonies, which they, the natives, as your glorious ancestors had done before them, carried on with various success, to a glorious termination, a recognition of their independence by our government, and all the enlightened governments of Europe. During their struggle for independence, they had their Lafayette, Kosciusko, DeKalb and Pulaski, who quitted the endearing scenes of domestic life and flew to the succor of struggling liberty in Mexico, in the persons of a Long, a Gains, a Bean and many others, with their followers, who fought side by side with the native Mexicans against the Gotchipins, and their savage and cannibal allies, the Rockers, or Caronkiways, Comanches and other tribes who then infested that section of the country; and on the termination of the war with the mother country, or cessation of hostilities, many of the North Americans, who had served in their armies, were given liberal donations of land, and invited to incorporate themselves with the new government.
About the year 1818 or '19, during the Presidency of Mr. Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State, for some one, or probably in part of all the following reasons, viz: to appease the Spanish Government for Gen. Jackson's having taken possession of the Floridas, his ignorance of existing treaties, the geography of the country, or the design to stop the farther extension of the Southern States, improperly and injuriously to his own country, negotiated and entered into a treaty stipulation with Nod Onis, the then accredited minister at Washington from the court of Madrid, by which he agreed, on the part of our government, to accept of and establish, as our western boundary, the Sabine river, thereby ceding to Spain a treaty right to Texas, and forfeiting or giving away a county worth ten Floridas. He did not stop here but gave them seven millions of the people's money in addition, and only got in return a confirmation to the Pine hills of the Floridas, the good lands of those two provinces having previously been covered by spanish grants.
About this time, Moses Austin, the father of the present empresario or governor of one of the Texian colonies, proceeded to the city of Mexico, and there, with the provisional or organic government of the Mexican Republic, contracted for the present colony of Austin, but he, soon after dying and a counter revolution having taken place, his contract was held to be forfeited — about the year 1629, Col. Stephen F. Austin wend on in person to the city of Mexico and renewed the contract of his then late father, in his own name, it having been left to him by his father's will, and returned and commenced the settlement of the colony, under as great privations, hardships and dangers as ever any people encountered in the settlement of a new country, having to subsist almost entirely for several years on the wild game; and at the same time defend themselves against the continued warfare and depredations of the powerful savage foe, who inhabited the country. But as early as 1830 they had over come all those obstacles, and were fast advancing in civilization, wealth and refinement, the Mexican States having formed National and State Governments, precisely on the model of our own, with the exceptions of the subjects of religion and slavery. As to religion, the constitution provides "that the Roman Catholic religion shall be the religion of the Mexican States; that their congress shall protect it by wise, just and humane laws, and by rigid and severe ones shall prohibit the exercise of any other." That part in relation to slavery, declares, "that slavery or involuntary servitude shall not exist after 1830." By the National Constitution the province of Texas is added to the state of Cahuila, (sic) for all state purposes, until it shall be able to exist as a separate and independent State; at which time the inhabitants are authorized to call a convention and form a state government.
Though the National and State Constitutions of the Mexican Government and States are republican in form, they have ever remained a perfectly dead letter — for all practical purposes, they might as well never have been adopted; under the Spanish government every thing was ordered by the priesthood, and enforced by the military in Mexico. Under the imperial reigh of Iturbide, it was revolutionary and despotic, and he met his fate. After the adoption of the constitution, the liberal and enlightened part of the Mexican people, thought their troubles at an end, and with that view, they elected to their first office, the presidency of the republic, a distinguished statesman and philanthropist, in the person of Padrassa, and at the same time elected the splendid and towering genius, Bustimento, their vice president, who no sooner saw that he had the onfidence of his countrymen for the second office within their gift, than he fixed his heart upon the first, and by the intrigues o himself, the priesthood, and traitors to liberty and their country, he expelled the good and virtuous Padrassa, from the presidential chair and his country. Padrassa sought an asylum in our beloved country, where he remained, making observations on our government, manners, customs and habits, until his constitutional term of time as president had nearly expired.
Immediately on Padrassa's expulsion from the Presidential chair of Mexico, Bustimento began a system of military and despotic rule, which was revolting to humanity. He appointed the accomplished general and towering tyrant, Tyran, as military commander and governor of the States border on Texas, including Texas. He established a cordon of military posts round the entire province of Texas, and supplied them with troops, ordinance, arms and munitions of war, and for their support, they plundered the colonists, until the patience of the latter was exhausted, when some of them complained, they were immediately arrested and loaded with irons; at this time or a little antecedently, viz: on the 3d day of January, at Vera Cruz, General Gomez de Santa Anna, up to that time a distinguished general, and an enlightened republican patriot, declared against Bustimento administration, took the field in person, and marched against the tyrant general Tyran, whom he met and overpowered; and pursuing his triumphs to city of Mexico, he overthrew Bustimento, recalled Padrassa, and put him upon the chair a few weeks prior to the expiration of his term. As soon as the Texians heard of Santa Anna's having taken the field, in the defence of constitution and laws, against Bustimento's usurpation and tyranny, they by one impulse; declared in favor of his plan, and for the reinstatement of the constitution and civil government of the country. All quitted the occupations of civil life, embodied as by magic, and with their rifles and inferior numbers, reduced and captured three strongly fortified posts, released their brethren who were in manacles, restored them to their immediate friends, sent the Mexican captured troops out of Texas, and returned to their several homes and domestic occupations. — Upon hearing of these events, Tyran, the despotic general, gave up his despair at the city of Metimoris, threw himself upon his own sword and expired — giving, one would think a sufficient lesson to St. Anna, or any other ambitious tyrant.
In April 1833, the Texians believing that their numbers and wealth gave them as it evidently did, the right under their Federal Constitution to separate an Independent State government, from that of Cahuila, elected members who held a convention at San Fillippe De Austin, the capital of the colony of Austin, when and where they drew up. and adopted a most excellent constitution for the anticipated State of Texas; perfectly in accordance with the federal or national one, except that they said not one word about religion or slavery in it — and selected S. F. Austin, their empressario or colonial governor, to go on with it to Mexico, the seat of government of the nation, where their national congress was in session, for the purpose of obtaining its ratification and the admission of the State of Texas in the Union on an equal footing with the original States. No sooner was the object of his vision to the seat of the general government made known to St. Anna, than he was ordered to be arrested, which order was executed and his person incarcerated in a loathsome calaboose in the city of Mexico, for nearly two years, without their being able to establish a solitary charge against him of a criminal or disloyal nature to his government. He has lately been released, and is again at the head of his colonists, and amongst his friends, assisting them with his enlightened and virtuous counsel, and periling his valuable live and splendid fortune for his adopted country — whilst Santa Anna whom Austin and his colonists have helped to elevate to the first office in their gift, unmindful of the favor, and blind to the fate of all tyrants, has declared himself sole Director of the Mexican Nation, and issued his Edict, that all the North Americans who have settled in Texas since 1830, shall immediately, at the point of the bayonet, be expelled from the country, and their estates confiscated to his use, and has ordered one of his Tyran-like generals, Cos, at the head of a mercenary and brutal soldiery to carry this unrighteous, tyrannical edict and order into effect. Cos, as early as the 1st of October, was on their borders; and should he not have deceived the Texians with respect to his numbers, he and his whole command are at this time prisoners of war to the Texians; but should he have represented his numbers greatly inferior to what they really were, then he may have drawn the ardent Texians into an ambuscade and captured them, in which event the lovely Canaan of America will be made a desolation, the remainder of our friends in that country slaughtered, or driven out, and their wives and daughters violated by a brutal soldiery.
To those who are not acquainted with the geography of Texas as well as myself (many are much better no doubt,) I would say, that it is a tract of the finest country on the continent of North America, equal in extent to six States like Ky. has a sufficiency of arable land to sustain a population of ten millions of people — that it contains the best cotton and sugar land yet discovered on the continent — that it extends from 29 degrees north latitude to 39 degrees and a rich mineral region of gold ond (sic) silver; that it once clearly belonged to the United S. by purchase from France, that it was improperly surrendered to Spain by a treaty stipulation of John Q. Adams, as I have before explained; that our government is believed recently to have made use of its best endeavors to purchase it again from the Mexican government; that our negotiator has been prevented from doing so by the jealousy and suspicions of the Dictator, Santa Anna, elicited by the interference of the British emissaries in that country, their capitalists who have loaned that government large sums of money, their merchants who wish to monopolize their trade, and the priesthood all combined; that the North American population if all Texas now about sixty thousand; that the whole population of the Mexican States is about ten millions, not one in fifty of whom can read or write; that nine tenths of them are bound slaves to the priesthood, or their great men; and that Santa Anna has upwards of one thousand himself in servitude.
"TEXAS. Sketch of History." Kentucky Gazette, (Lexington, KY), Saturday, January 23, 1836; p. 2, cols. 2-4.