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Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

Male 1779 - 1844  (64 years)

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  • Name Louis Napoleon Bonaparte 
    Born Sep 02, 1779  Ajaccio, Corsica Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Jul 25, 1844 
    • His brother Napoleon made him king of Holland on June 5, 1806. Intended by his older brother as little more than a French governor, Louis took his duties as King seriously, calling himself King Lodewijk I (adopting the Dutch form of his name), attempting to learn the Dutch language and trying hard to be a responsible, independent ruler of Holland.
          During his reign, Holland was struck by two major tragedies: the explosion of a ship filled with gunpowder in the heart of the city of Leiden in 1807, and a major flooding in 1809. In both tragedies, Louis personally and effectively oversaw local relief efforts, which helped earn him the moniker of Louis the Good.
          Napoleon, accusing Louis of putting Dutch interests above those of France, forced him to abdicate on July 1, 1810.
          Louis Bonaparte had also been created the Count of Saint-Leu. He was created Constable of France in 1808, a strictly honorary title. He was also Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves from 1809 to 1813 under the reign name of Karl Ludwig Napol?on.
          After the death of his elder brother Joseph in 1844, Louis was seen by Bonapartists as the rightful Emperor of the French, although he took little action himself to advance the claim. (His son and heir, the future Napoleon III, on the other hand, was at that time imprisoned in France for having tried to engineer a Bonapartist coup d'etat).
          Louis died on July 25, 1846, and is buried at Saint-Leu-la-For?t, ?le-de-France.
          Louis was married on January 4, 1802 to Hortense de Beauharnais, daughter of deceased general Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais and his wife Josephine Tascher de la Pagerie. Josephine had become first wife of his brother Napoleon. Thus Hortense was also a niece-by-marriage to Louis.  Louis Napoleon Bonaparte and Hortense de Beauharnais had three sons:
        1. Napoleon Charles Bonaparte, born December 10, 1802, Prince Royal of Holland. When he died on May 5, 1807 at 4? years of age, his body lay in state at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. He is buried at Saint-Leu-La-Foret, Ile-de-France.
        2. Napoleon Louis Bonaparte, born October 11, 1804. Became Prince Royal of Holland on his brother's death, and was King Lodewijk II for one week between his father's abdication and the fall of Holland to Napoleon's invading army. He died on March 17, 1831, and is buried at Saint-Leu-La-Foret, ?le-de-France.
        3. Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, (1808-1873). Born in Paris, he was the third and last son, and would become Emperor Napoleon III of France (1852-1870).
          Louis was also father to illegitimate son Francois de Castelvecchio (April 26, 1826 - May 29, 1869). He was born in Rome and died in Rennes.
    Person ID I84308  mykindred
    Last Modified Dec 13, 2005 

    Father Carlo Maria Buonaparte,   b. Mar 29, 1746, Ajaccio, Corsica Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 24, 1785  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Letizia Ramolino,   d.
    Married Jun 02, 1764 
    Family ID F28433  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Bonaparte, Louis (1779-1844)
    Bonaparte, Louis (1779-1844)
    Brother to Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.