1855 - 1935 (80 years)
||George Washington Carroll |
||Apr 11, 1855
||Mansfield, DeSoto parish, Louisiana, USA
||Dec 14, 1935
||Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA
||Magnolia Cemetery, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA
- He was a prominent Beaumont, Texas lumberman and a business partner of his brother-in-law J. Frank Keith.
CARROLL, GEORGE WASHINGTON (1855-1935). The Handbook of Texas Online. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcacb
George Washington Carroll, lumber and oil businessman, philanthropist, and prohibition candidate for vice president, the son of Francis Lafayette and Sarah (Long) Carroll, was born in Mansfield, Louisiana, on April 11, 1855. His father took the family to Beaumont from Louisiana in 1868 and, with others, formed the Long Shingle and Saw Mill. George Carroll went to work for his father's company and soon became foreman. On November 20, 1877, he married Underhill Mixson in Beaumont's first church wedding. They had three sons. In 1877 F. L. Carroll, in company with George Carroll, John Gilbert, and others, founded the Beaumont Lumber Company. By 1892 the younger Carroll was its president and general manager. The family sold the Beaumont Lumber Company to the John Henry Kirby interests in 1900, but George Carroll continued to hold interest in the Nona Mills Company, also founded by his father, and other lumber companies.
In 1892 Carroll was persuaded by fellow First Baptist Church member Pattillo Higgins to invest a thousand dollars in the Gladys City Oil Company, which was planning to drill for oil on Spindletop Hill, just a few miles south of Beaumont. Carroll, the only investor actually to put up cash instead of land, was elected president of the company. The first efforts to find oil were unsuccessful, but in 1901, on land leased from the Gladys City Oil Company, Anthony Francis Lucas brought in the Lucas Gusher, the first well of the great Spindletop oilfield. By 1903 Carroll had become one of Beaumont's wealthiest men, having made one fortune in lumber and another in oil. In spite of the money he made from Spindletop oil, he came to regret Beaumont's sudden prosperity, which he felt had turned the town into a den of iniquity. Consequently, he conducted a constant but largely ineffective war against drinking, gambling, and prostitution in the town. He ran on the prohibition ticket for governor of Texas in 1902 and for vice president of the United States in 1904. Both campaigns were unsuccessful. Carroll did, however, serve two terms as alderman from Ward No. 3 in the city of Beaumont.
Carroll, who was a devout Baptist, made large contributions to the First Baptist Church of Beaumont and was equally generous to other Baptist causes, particularly Baylor University. He was the founder and first president of the Young Men's Christian Association in Beaumont and gave much of the money for the construction of a new YMCA building in the late 1920s. He was also a pioneer ecologist who believed that indiscriminate cutting of young trees was bad for the environment. His effort to educate his fellow lumbermen to this danger met with little success. By the time of his death, Carroll was no longer wealthy, presumably because he had given away most of his money. He died on December 14, 1935, in a small room in the YMCA building that his money had helped to build.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: James Anthony Clark and Michel T. Halbouty, Spindletop (New York: Random House, 1952). W. R. Estep, And God Gave the Increase: The Centennial History of the First Baptist Church of Beaumont, Texas (Beaumont: First Baptist Church, 1972).
Judith Linsley and Ellen Rienstra
||Mar 1, 2017 |
||Francis Lafayette "Frank" Carroll, b. May 25, 1831, Dallas county, Alabama, USA , d. Jun 20, 1906, Waco, McLennan county, Texas, USA (Age 75 years) |
||Sarah Jane Long, b. Oct 14, 1833, Hancock county, Georgia, USA , d. Jun 21, 1911, Waco, McLennan county, Texas, USA (Age 77 years) |
||Dec 19, 1853
||De Soto parish, Louisiana, USA
||Underhill Mixson, b. Nov 21, 1854, Jefferson county, Texas, USA , d. Jan 24, 1927 (Age 72 years) |
||Nov 20, 1877
||Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA
- From "The Story of Beaumont" p. 187:
Mr. George W. Carroll and Miss Underhill Mixson were the first couple who had a church wedding, their ceremony being performed November 20, 1877, in the structure built jointly by the Baptists and Methodists on the site where the T . S. Reed grocery company building now stands. Mrs. Carroll was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Mixson, who lived in the block where the Alamo cafe, and the Carter music store are now located.
| ||1. Gilbert Craig Carroll, b. Jan 06, 1882, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA , d. Feb 17, 1885, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA (Age 3 years)|
| ||2. Francis Lee Carroll, b. Aug 05, 1884, d. Mar 31, 1948, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA (Age 63 years)|
| ||3. Charles Mixson Carroll, b. Dec 05, 1888, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA , d. Jun 04, 1959, Beaumont, Jefferson county, Texas, USA (Age 70 years)|
| ||4. George Washington Carroll, Jr., b. Apr 26, 1893, d. Apr 08, 1963, Eddy, McLennan county, Texas, USA (Age 69 years)|