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Colonel Archelaus Hughes[1, 2]

Male 1747 - 1798  (51 years)


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  • Name Archelaus Hughes 
    Prefix Colonel 
    Born 1747  Goochland county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Dec 25, 1798  Patrick county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Aft 1798  Hughesville, near Stewart, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Revolutionary War soldier served as a Colonel in the Henry County, Virginia, militia.
          Mary Dalton & Col. Archelaus Hughes were prominent and wealthy citizens  of Patrick County, Virginia. Col. Hughes was active in government affairs; also community government and political affairs.
      Colonel Archelaus Hughes of "Hughesville"  1747 - 1798
          Around 1700 came Orlando Hughes and his two brothers from Wales to Virginia, and obtained land grants in Powhatan and Goochland counties. Orlando's son Leander, who died in 1775, was the father Archelaus Hughes, born in Goochland County in 1747.    In his youth Archelaus moved to Pittsylvania County, which at the time included the areas of Henry and Patrick, and he became active in civic affairs.  In 1769 he was serving as a "gentleman justice" for his county.
          On September 25, 1769 Archelaus married Mary Dalton of Rockingham County,  NC, daughter of Samuel Dalton.
          According to an old receipted bill, the 22 year-old bridegroom, Archelaus Hughes, imported his fashionable wedding attire from John Ledderdale, London, England.
          The newly-wedded pair established their home in western Pittsylvania, naming their country estate "Hughesville", reminiscent of an old feudal custom.  The bride's new abode was about ten miles from her girlhood home in North Carolina.
          In 1775, during the early months of the American Revolution, the Committee of Safety for Pittsylvania County had nominated Archelaus Hughes for a militia captaincy.  In time he became colonel of a Virginia regiment.
          In 1776, the year of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, western Pittsylvania was organized as Henry County. Later, in 1791, during Washington's administration, western Henry County, in which "Hughesville" was then located, became a separate county, bearing the first name of Patrick Henry.  Thus "Hughesville" had been located successively in three counties.
          Colonel Archelaus Hughes, as a "gentleman justice", was devoted to the welfare of his county.  During that period justices of the peace had wide and important powers, being in general control of local governmental affairs.  Court could be held with three of the justices presiding.
          The "Hughesville" manor house, now in southeastern Patrick County, had as any as 10 dependencies.  With a blacksmith's shop and a general store, the plantation was largely a self-sufficient economic unit.
          The first master of "Hughesville" was a man of great energy, strong initiative, and considerable business acumen.  He acquired several landed estates and established a chain of 7 stores in different localities.  He owned land not only in Patrick but in Prince Edward and Lee counties in Virginia, as well as one plantation in Stokes County, North Carolina.
          There was never a dull moment at "Hughesville".  The eleven Hughes children were born there and spent a lively childhood in this happy home.  The seven boys were Leander, Archelaus Jr., William, John, Samuel, Reuben and Madison Redd (who was probably named for the man whose old brick home still stands on Blue Ridge Street in Stuart). There were four girls: Jeancy, Nancy, Sally & Matilda.
          Guests from far and near enjoyed "Hughesville's" lavish hospitality. Being on a regular stage route, the Hughes home, was easily accessible to friends and relatives on horseback, carriage, or coach.  This was an era when visits were measured not in days but in weeks and even months! Vacationers bound for White Sulphur Springs found "Hughesville" a convenient and delightful break.  The front door swung open wide on its HL hinges, welcoming even late travelers. Evening candles lighted the dining room where guest feasted on the best from field, forest and stream.
          During Washington's administration, official duty called Colonel Hughes to Philadelphia, then the nation's capital.  Accompanying him was his wife, the cultured and charming Mary Dalton Hughes, who had known George Washington since her girlhood, when she was entertained at Mt. Vernon, the highlight of a visit to her Uncle John Dalton of Alexandria, Virginia.  Washington and Dalton had served together as vestrymen of Christ Church and also on a committee of safety.
          In 1798 Colonel Archelaus Hughes passed away at the age of 51, in the prime of a life of achievement in many fields of endeavor, both public and private.
          His wife survived him by 41 years, living at "Hughesville" with her bachelor son, Leander, who as a country squire completed his 97 years in the house of his nativity.
          Mrs Hughes lived to be 93.  "Age did not wither her," declared her nephew, Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton, "for her bright and cheerful face remained unwrinkled."  She loved company and even in her later years was noted for her hospitality.
          Records show that four of the seven Hughes sons served in the Virginia General Assembly from 1799 to 1818 - Archelaus Jr.,  John, Samuel, and Madison Redd:
        (1)  Archelaus Jr., a cultured gentleman, served in 1799.  He married a niece of Gen. Joseph Martin.
        (2)  John (1800-1801) supported the famous "Virginia Resolutions". He married another niece of Gen. Joseph Martin.  Later he moved to Tennessee, where he died at 87, the oldest Mason in the state.
        (3)  Colonel Samuel (1807-1813) never married.  His sweetheart died in the great Richmond Theatre fire of 1811.  Today the Monumental Church as a memorial stands on the site.
        (4)  Madison Redd (1818) married three times, the last time to a Miss Dillard.  The latter part of his life was spent in Tennessee on his large country estate.
          Each of the four daughters of Colonel Archelaus Hughes married a man with a military title:
        (1)  Jeancy married Col. John Fulkerson and lived in Lee County.
        (2)  Nancy married Major Brett Stovall of the War of 1812, who was also a "gentleman justice" of Patrick County.
        (3)  Matilda married Gen. John Dillard of the War of 1812, son of Revolutionary Capt. John Dillard. Gen. Dillard represented Henry County in the Virginia Legislature.
        (4)  Sally also married a Henry County man, Col. Joseph Martin, son of the General.  Col. Martin and his lady lived at "Greenwood", where she presided with efficiency and charm.  Her son, Joseph Martin, wrote to her from Harvard that a particular part of Harvard's famous "Yard" reminded him of "Greenwood".  He afterwards became Commonwealth's Attorney of Pittsylvania County.  He married Susan Pannill, whose cousin, "Jeb" Stuart, attended the wedding in his West Point regimentals.
          Mary, daughter of Col. and Mrs. Joseph Martin (Sally Hughes) of "Greenwood" married Thomas McCabe, and through her, "Hughesville" came into the possession of the McCabe family.  So the present master of "Hughesville", Mr. Fleet McCabe, and his sisters are lineal descendants of its first master, Colonel Archelaus Hughes.
          The "Hughesville" manor house, probably the oldest frame house in Patrick County, through the vicissitudes of almost 200 years, has stood successively in the counties of Pittsylvania, Henry, and Patrick.  Today uninhabited, it is a house of memories, a reminder of an era of gracious living and of the ideals and achievements of its builder and his clan.
      Nearby is the Hughes family cemetery a grey stone bears this inscription:
      Colonel Archelaus Hughes
      1747 - 1798
      He was a gallant soldier in the
      Revolutionary War and lived to
      see its beneficent results as a good
      citizen.
      By: Miss Sidney Penn
      References:  Newspaper - The Enterprise - Stuart, VA - Thursday, April 14, 1966
      Major Brett Stovall & Descendants - By: Hattie Stovall Spencer
    Person ID I24200  mykindred
    Last Modified Oct 6, 2009 

    Family Mary "Molly" Dalton,   b. 1748, Rockingham, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Dec 28, 1841, Patrick county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 93 years) 
    Married Sep 25, 1769  Pittsylvania county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Archelaus Madison Hughes, II,   b. 1771, Patrick county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1829, Henry county, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    +2. Sally Hughes,   d.
     3. John L. Hughes,   b. Aug 03, 1776,   d. Dec 26, 1860  (Age 84 years)
     4. Jeancy "Jincy" Hughes,   b. 1780,   d. 1870  (Age 90 years)
    +5. William Hughes,   b. Jun 13, 1785,   d. 1871  (Age 85 years)
     6. Madison Redd Hughes,   b. 1787,   d. 1876  (Age 89 years)
     7. Nancy Hughes,   b. Jun 30, 1773, Patrick county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jun 02, 1845, Patrick county, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
     8. Leander Hughes,   d.
     9. Reuben Hughes,   d.
     10. Matilda Hughes,   d.
     11. Samuel Hughes,   d. Mar 04, 1850
    Family ID F8866  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S524] Gedcom - Kaemmerling, Russ.

    2. [S773] Glass, George, 1945 letter.


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