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Robert Earl of Huntingdon, Robin Hood [1]

Male circa 1200 - 1294  (~ 94 years)


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  • Name Robert Earl of Huntingdon 
    Suffix Robin Hood
     
    Born circa 1200  Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 

    Gender Male 
    Died Dec 24, 1294  Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Robert of Huntingdon - aka Robin Hood:  "Let me have length and breadth e
      nough, and under my head a sod; That they may say when I am dead, 'Here l
      ies bold Robin Hood." (Old Eng. ballad)  d. 1294.

    Buried Kirklees, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 

    Notes 
    • Said to have been "Roben Heud" or Robin Hood, of Sherwood Forest.  Robe
      rt, Earl of Huntington was probably born abt 1200-1210, after the reign o
      f Richard I,  England's Richard the Lionhearted, who had gone on the th
      ird crusade to free Jerusalem in the Holy Land.  On his way home from t
      he Holy Land he was taken captive and held for Ransom by the Holy Roman E
      mperor, Henry VI.  Richard died in 1199, wounded by an arrow near Limog
      es, France.
      England was then under the rule of his brother, John Lackland, also kno
      wn as "John Soft Sword" then King of England (1199-1216.)  During these y
      ears, David of Scotland, son of Malcom III Canmore, was married to Maud o
      f Huntingdon, daughter of Waltheof of Northumbria, and now the widow of S
      imon de St. Liz, the former Earl of Huntingdon.  She inherited the esta
      tes of both Northumberland (from her father), and the earldom of Huntin
      gdon (from her husband).  Maud's new husband, David of Scotland, then b
      ecame the Earl of Huntingdon.
      The earldom of Huntingdon comprised part of southern Scotland, and part o
      f northern England.  David and Maud had a son who became Henry, Earl of H
      untingdon (born 1114) .  Henry married Ada Warenne, daughter of Hugh Wa
      renne, Earl of Chester.  Their son, David, became the third Earl of Hun
      tingdon, born in 1144.  In 1190, when David was age 36, he married Maud o
      f Chester, daughter of Hugh Kevelioc, Earl of Chester.  Some time after t
      his their son, Robert was born.  His mother, Maud, was a grand daughter o
      f Simon de Montfort.  John, King of England, known as John Lackland, di
      ed of dysentery in 1216, about the time Robert of Huntingdon  was reach
      ing puberty.  The king's nine year old son, Henry then became King of E
      ngland as Henry III, under the regent of William Marshall, Earl of Pemb
      roke, who, with the moderate party took control of England.  Henry III t
      ook control of his throne in 1227.
      Robert of Huntingdon's father, David, was brother of Malcom IV, who had s
      ucceeded his grandfather, David I of Scotland, on the Scottish throne.  D
      avid, Earl of Huntingdon, became a pawn in the battle for power between E
      ngland and Scotland, and he and other barons of Scotland became hostage
      s when King William of Scotland was captured at the battle of Alnwick.  T
      heir brother, Malcom IV, surrendered the Scottish nobles in exchange fo
      r the freedom of his brother, William.  It is not clear just how David, E
      arl of Huntingdon died, but he was dead in 1214, when his son, Robert, w
      as still a young boy.
      History says Robert lived until 1294, making him live until the ripe ol
      d age of 70 or more,  according to the tombstone.  (see below).  Whethe
      r or not he was the famed Robin Hood has been the subject of many theor
      ies, stories, myths and legends.  Webster's states he was "undoubtedly" a m
      yth, stemming from early Germanic folk tales.  As Robin Hood he is ment
      ioned in "Piers Plowman" epic poem in 1377, and in following years in a c
      hronicle of Scotland (1420); Ben Jonson's "Sad Shepherd" (1641); Scott'
      s "Ivanhoe"; and Tennysons' "The Forresters".  Robin Hood is also ascri
      bed to a Saxon knight fighting against the invading Normans.  But Robin H
      ood is also said to have been "an adherent of the Earl of Lancaster ins
      urrection of a later Earl Simon de Montfort (1322).  And in 1601 Anthon
      y Munday cast him as an "early Earl of Huntingdon" aka Robin Hood, whic
      h may come closest to the actual fact.  Many later fictional accounts p
      lace him in the earlier times, making him a "peer" of Richard The Lionh
      earted, and living in the times of King John Lackland, when in fact he w
      as born after Richard died, and was still a small boy during the time o
      f King John.
      All of the stories of Robin Hood are to be discounted as romantic ficti
      on.  Robert of Huntingdon actually lived - and may well have been the s
      ource of the stories of Robin of Locksley.  Webster states Robin Hood d
      ied in a Cisterian Nunnery on Christmas Eve  of 1294.  A tombstone near K
      irKlees reads:
      -
      "Hear underneath dis laitl stean
      Laz robert earl of Huntingtun
      Ne?er arcir ver as hie sa geud
      An pipl kauld im robin heud
      Sick [such] utlawz as he an iz men
      Vil england nivr si agen
      Obiit 24 kal: Dekembris, 1247"
      -
      (Trager's "People Chronology" page 108.)  This is near KirKlees, "a Yor
      kshire village on the Calder, 4 miles N.E. of Huddersfield, Yorkshire."  R
      obin Hood died, it is said, in a Cistercian nunnery here.  (Chamber's C
      oncise Gazetteer) 28.5 miles from Mansfield lies Cooper Bridge (Three N
      uns Inn).  To the left is Kirklees, with some remains of a Cistercian n
      unnery (incorporated today into a farm) and the alleged grave of Robin H
      ood. (Muirhead's "England.)  Near Mansfield in North of Nottingham, Cap
      ital city of Yorkshire.  The Castle of Nottingham (House of Mowbray) th
      ere are bronze statutes to the memory of Robin Hood and his men.
      Fact or Fiction, Robert, Earl of Huntingdon was real.  Was he Robin Hoo
      d?  His tombstone is real!  Whether placed at the time of his death, or l
      ater by someone wanting to perpetuate the myth of Robin Hood, will we e
      ver know?  Whatever -- fact or fiction -- Robin Hood is still fascinati
      ng people enough to make new books and movies about his life.

    Person ID I20415  mykindred
    Last Modified Aug 22, 2016 

    Father David Earl of Huntingdon, *
    ,   b. 1144, Northumberland - son of Prince Henry
    Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1219  (Age 75 years) 
    Mother Maud of Chester, *
    ,   b. circa 1160, Chester - dtr of Hugh Kevelioc
    Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. AFT 1200, Scotland ? - wife of Earl David of Huntingdon
    Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 41 years) 
    Married 1189 
    Family ID F7403  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S580] Gedcom - Rein-Shwayder, Carol .