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King Henry II of England, *[1, 2, 3, 4]

Male 1132 - 1189  (57 years)


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  • Name Henry II of England 
    Prefix King 
    Suffix
    Born Mar 05, 1132  LeMans, France - aka Henry FitzEmpress (Longsword) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Jul 06, 1189  Chinon, France (age 57) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Jul 06, 1189  Abbey of Fontevraud, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Henry II of England (aka Henry "Curt Mantle" for the short cloak he wore) Henry II became King of England at age twenty-one. He also inherited Normandy from his Mother; and became the lord over Anjou and Maine from his brother, Geoffrey.  He then inherited Brittany from his brother. Later acquired Touraine; and  by marriage the control of Aquitaine, the western portion of France from the Loire River to the Pyrenees Mountains.  In 1171 he went to Ireland, and declared sovereign over that island by the Pope Aenobarbus.  In 1173 he acquired the duchy of Toulouse, thus controlling most of France and all of England. Said to be short (squat) of medium height, with red hair, freckles, and grey eyes. He, like his grandfather, had many mistresses, including the "Fair Rosamund" and Princess Alice of France, she was later betrothed to his son, Richard. Henry II's reign was a long and progressive one, bringing many reforms to English way of life. He quarreled with Thomas a Becket, who was murdered by the King's Barons. King Henry II then went on the first crusade to atone for the murder of his friend. He reigned for 35 years. Died in July 1189.  Succeeded by his son, Richard I, known as the Lionheart.
    Person ID I19108  mykindred
    Last Modified Apr 10, 2003 

    Father Duke Geoffrey V. Plantagenet, *Count of Anjou Duke of Normandy,   b. Aug 24, 1113, France - Count of Anjou and Maine son of Fulk Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 07, 1151, France ? (age 38) (aka Geoffroi the Handsome) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Mother Empress Matilda of Germany, *,   b. 1104, England - dtr of Henry I (Desc. Charlemagne - XV) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 10, 1169, Normandy ? - - widow of Geoffrey Plantagenet Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married Apr 03, 1127 
    Family ID F6776  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England*,   b. 1122, Poitou/Aquitane, France - dtr of Duke Wm 10th Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 03, 1204, Abbey of Fontevraud, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married May 18, 1152  Bordeau, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    • Shortly after her divorce from King Louis of France, Eleanor of Aquitaine married Henry II of England on the first day of May 1152 at Bordeaux, France.
    Children 
     1. William Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1155, Bermondsey, England- son of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. England (died young) Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Aquitaine,   b. Abt 1156, Bermondsey, England - son of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 11 Jun 1183, Aquitaine - reign from 1170 Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
     3. Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony,   b. 1156, England (aka Maud) - dtr of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1189, Saxony ? - wife of Henry V The Lion Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
     4. King Richard I. The Lionhearted of England,   b. 1157, Beaumont, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 06, 1199, Castle Chaluz (wounded by an arrow) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)
     5. Geoffrey of Brittany, Count,   b. 1158, Bermondsey, England - son of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1186, Paris (died in an accident during tournament) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)
    +6. Princess Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile,   b. 1161, England (aka Princess Eleanor) dtr of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1214, Castile - wife of Alfonso VIII Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)
     7. Joanna Plantagenet,   b. 1165, England ? (aka Joan) - dtr of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1199, Castle of Chaluz, Aquitaine, France (age 34) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
    +8. King John Lackland of England, *,   b. Dec 24, 1166, England (aka King John Soft Sword) son of Henry II Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 19, 1216, Newark Castle (Poisoned) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Family ID F6775  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Princess Alys of Porhoet, *,   b. Abt 1150, France (aka Alix of France) dtr of Louis VII ? Find all individuals with events at this location,   d.  
    Married Abt 1176  (not married. had natural son) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. William I. de Longespee, *,   b. 1176, England (Natural son) (Earl of Salisbury) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 06, 1225, England - reign of Henry III Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Family ID F6966  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Rosamund The Fair, Clifford,   d. 1176, Convent at Godstowe Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1173 
    • did not marry had natural sons
    Family ID F7564  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S306] Henrikson, Alf - "Through the Ages", Henriksons 1151-1180.

    2. [S419] Trager, James, Ed. - The People's Chronology.

    3. [S310] Ashley, Maurice - Great Britain to 1688 a Modern H, Ashley Vol. I pages 88 through 94.

    4. [S580] Gedcom - Rein-Shwayder, Carol.

    5. [S365] Bloss, C.A. - Heroines of the Crusades publ. 1853, Bloss page 147.



  
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